Understanding the different types of medical device testing

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WHO defines a medical device as an article, instrument, apparatus, or machine that is used in the prevention, diagnosis or treatment of illness or disease, or for detecting, measuring, restoring, correcting or modifying the structure or function of the body for some health purpose. Typically, the purpose of a medical device is not achieved by pharmacological, immunological, or metabolic means. 

As a medical device directly contributes to a healthcare facility’s ability to accurately evaluate a patient’s condition, it is essential for safe and effective prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of illness and disease. 

With the help of medical devices, healthcare practitioners are able to collect the exact stats of a patient’s health and make medical decisions judiciously. The rise of digital usage in the medical space has paved way for software-enabled medical devices that have brought in a significant degree of sophistication in the modern medical device technology. 

Today, we have innovative pacemakers, insulin pumps, defibrillators, robotic surgeons and many more groundbreaking technologies at the assistance of healthcare practitioners. 

Since, so much rely on a medical device’s capability to perform as intended and with precision, even a minor glitch can prove fatal. This is why, it is important to conduct thorough medical devices testing before they are channeled for practical use. 

To ensure this, there are several regulations and compliance requirements in place to be fulfilled before a medical device is released in the market. Medical devices testing not only performs the Verification & Validation (V&V) but also evaluates various aspects of the medical device based on performance, GUI, behavior, reliability, among others to prevent the usage of any faulty device on a patient. 

Let us understand what exactly the different types of medical device testing are and what each of those types entails: 

Types of medical device testing 

Medical device testing includes an end-to-end analysis, assessment, and evaluation of any medical device to certify that it performs as intended, does not provide faulty information, and is fit for practical usage. 

A properly tested medical device also meets the required federal and regulatory criteria. 

These are the different types of medical device testing when it comes to a software-enabled medical device: 

  1. Lifecycle Verification &Validation: As per FDA, Software verification provides objective evidence that the design outputs of a particular phase of the software development life cycle meet all of the specified requirements for that phase. It looks for consistency, completeness, and correctness of the software and its supporting documentation, as it is being developed, and provides support for a subsequent conclusion that software is validated. 
    On the other hand, FDA considers software validation to be “confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that software specifications conform to user needs and intended uses, and that the particular requirements implemented through software can be consistently fulfilled.” 
  2. GUI testing: GUI testing verifies that the medical device responds properly to the UI-based inputs. With GUI testing for medical devices, issues like UI complexity causing user confusion, usage delay, data entry errors, false inputs, and others can be prevented so that they do not become a reason for a life-threatening situation during real-life application. 
  3. Performance testing or Bench testing: This type of testing is designed to rule out performance related mechanical or design flaws in the medical device. Performance bench testing of medical devices also evaluates their endurance and capability to perform with the same efficiency under different forms of load. 
  4. Compliance testing: There are various federal and regulatory criteria set by different medical bodies to ensure that a medical device in circulation is safe and effective. By performing a compliance testing, it is ensured that the medical device fulfills all the criteria set for quality and safety by following optimal quality design and manufacturing practices. 
  5. Interoperability testing: FDA defines Medical device interoperability as the ability to safely, securely, and effectively exchange and use information among one or more devices, products, technologies, or systems. Interoperability testing evaluates a medical device for its ability to share information across systems and platforms so as to improve patient care and reduce errors and adverse events. 
  6. Reliability testing: With reliability testing of a medical device, it is assessed on its ability to perform satisfactorily under varied period of time and even in stressed conditions. Essentially, it tests the medical device for its reliability in any given situation. 

Medical Devices Testing – A case study 

With the objective of simplifying and customizing delivery of complex drug regimens, an innovative medical device manufacturer developed a first-of-its-kind technology for insulin delivery methods. The company was looking for end-to-end testing & quality engineering services from an organization that could provide a robust framework for integrating software, mobile devices, and medical devices 

Cigniti ensured both high quality & compliance for the client’s medical devices by establishing QA best practices and reducing their test time by more than 50%. Read the complete success story of that medical device manufacturer. 

How can we help 

Cigniti is an ISO13485:2016 certified organization & the chosen Software Testing services partners for large Medical Device manufacturers and users. We help you address challenges in Medical device software testing and also in implementing guidelines & best practices in software testing lifecycle of these devices. 

Our dedicated Medical Devices Testing CoE experts help Verify & Validate Software for surgical instruments, contact lenses & ultrasound scanners, orthopedic implants & haemodialysis machines, cardiac pacemakers. They are fully capable of helping clients test their smart, AI-based medical & healthcare devices such as intelligent beds, sterilization equipment, tool kits for pets, and more. 

Schedule a discussion with us to consult with our experienced team for Medical Device Testing services. 


  • Cigniti Technologies

    Cigniti is the world’s leading AI & IP-led Digital Assurance and Digital Engineering services company with offices in India, the USA, Canada, the UK, the UAE, Australia, South Africa, the Czech Republic, and Singapore. We help companies accelerate their digital transformation journey across various stages of digital adoption and help them achieve market leadership.

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